May 20, 2020

As we’ve seen, there is a way to write consecutive numbers without loops and conditions if we can find an equivalent way to express them that is broken into a product with a sum representing the number of cross calls.

The problem is that, while prime factorization may break the number down into various intervals, it does not work for prime numbers. However, not all is lost. We can still lower the number of calls considerably, even for prime numbers if we can find a good enough factorization for a lower number such that the difference between the prime and the maximum value of the factorization is acceptable.

For example, in our previous situation, we decided that 100 = 4 x 5 x 5, so it could be written in 14 calls. Well, 100 is just 1 print away from 101, so all we would need to do is print all 100 numbers and add one more entry at the end of the main method which says:

… and we did by writing 15 calls, instead of 101.

Then the problem becomes: “Is there a way to generate an optimal solution to the problem using this approach?”. In other words, can we write a program that writes our program in a decent way? Probably, otherwise this article may just end after this paragraph.

And it didn’t. As we’ve seen, if we can write something like 100 = 4 x 5 x 5, then we have 3 intervals (for the sake of simplicity, so we don’t have to complicate our way around modulo operations):

A1 = {0, 1, 2, 3}

A2 = {0, 1, 2, 3, 4}

A3 = {0, 1, 2, 3, 4}

such that c(I = {0, 1, 2, ..., 99}) = c(A1) x c(A2) x c(A3). Where c(X) is the cardinality of the set X. We’re talking finite sets of natural numbers, so the cardinality is the number of elements.

Then we can create a bijective function from f : A1xA2xA2 -> I with an inverse fi: I -> A1xA2xA3.

To get from a1, a2, a3 into an value in I by applying f we can do:

i = a1 x c(A2) x c(A3) + a2 x c(A3) + a3

Example:

a1 = 3

a2 = 4

a3 = 3

98 = 3 x 25 + 4 x 5 + 3

Applying the inverse involves a multi-step approach where the number is divided (integer division) by the successive multipliers (cardinals) to get each index, and the remainder (talking about the modulo) is used to compute the next index with the remaining multipliers.

Example:

a1 = 98 / (5 * 5) = 3

r1 = 23

a2 = r1 / 5 = 23 / 5 = 4

r2 = 3

no more multipliers

a3 = r2 = 3

Alright, let’s skip ahead so we don’t get lost in numbers. This is why we’re writing a program, so it can get lost in numbers, remember?

So, there are a number of steps involved in coming out with a solution for a given strictly positive natural number n:

- find the primes all the way to n
- get the prime factorizations for every number all the way to n
- we’ve mentioned that 2 + 2 = 2 x 2 = 4 which is neat because we can write either 2 functions of two calls, or one function of 4 calls. We would like to just call print 4 times in one function so we don’t explode vertically. For example, 64 can be written as 2^8 which means 8 functions of 2 calls each. However, if we group 2s together, two-by-two, we get 4^3, which is 3 calls of 4. Yes 4 + 4 + 4 = 16, but we write fewer functions. So we’d like to optimize that.
- handle the primes but looking at all the numbers smaller than them to see if they have a good factorization and are close enough to subtract from prime, for a smaller representation.
- generate the code.

The code, as it is presented, is only meant to solve a problem, not to teach best practices, styles, and patterns. It is just a first iteration that worked, and it’s good enough. You are welcome to make it prettier.

Let’s start with a class called SolutionGenerator and start adding the methods to it (you can leave the comments out).

public class SolutionGenerator {

// ... more to come below

First method will build a sieve so we can incrementally find our primes up to a value we choose:

You’ll see that I left 2 out and added it at the end (if smaller than our number). That’s because we plan to only iterate over the odd numbers, and 2 is the only even prime.

You’ll also see that I am adding 3, and 5 at the beginning if each of them is also smaller than our number. That’s because I plan to iterate over the odd numbers in a 2 vs. 4 increments. Here’s the thing, outside of 2 and 3, all the prime numbers candidates can be written as either 6n+1, or 6n+5. Think about it, they are the only odd numbers not divisible by 3, and we don’t care about even numbers.

And, by alternating the increment based on the previous value, we can skip the 3s. Example: 3, 5 (+2), 7 (+4), 11 (+2), 13 (+4), 17 (+2), 19 and so on. You will get to non-primes, don’t get too excited. Just go two more and you’ll hit 25.

Next, we’ll add a helper function which will find the factorization of any number smaller than our maximum number:

It will return 1 if the number is 1. Otherwise, it will try to find divisors in the sieve. If one divisor is found, it is tried again. For example, 12 = 2 x 2 x 3, so 2 we’ll be retried once more, after it is found the first time, and another time after the second one, and that will fail, since 3/2 doesn’t work out.

Let’s now introduce the function that will reduce the 2s in a factorization, so all pair of 2s are converted to 4s:

static List<Long> reduceTwos(

final List<Long> factorization) {

final Map<Long, Long> factorCount = factorization.stream()

.collect(Collectors.toMap(

Function.identity(),

v -> 1L,

(a, b) -> a + b

));

final long twos = factorCount.getOrDefault(2L, 0L)

+ 2 * factorCount.getOrDefault(4L, 0L);

final long twoCount = twos % 2;

final long fourCount = twos / 2;

factorCount.compute(2L, (k, v) -> twoCount == 0 ? null : twoCount);

factorCount.compute(4L, (k, v) -> fourCount == 0 ? null : fourCount);

return new TreeMap<>(factorCount).entrySet().stream()

.flatMapToLong(e ->

LongStream.range(0, e.getValue()).map(anyValue -> e.getKey()))

.mapToObj(Long::valueOf).collect(Collectors.toList());

}

We just did a quick and dirty counting of the prime factors, changed the 2s into fours and updated the count for both 2s and 4s (if applicable, of course), then we re-create the factorization in a sorted way.

And now, for a locally optimized version of the factorizations:

static Map<Long, List<Long>> locallyReducedFactorizations(long max) {

final List<Long> sieve = SolutionGenerator.buildSieve(max);

return LongStream.rangeClosed(1, max)

.mapToObj(Long::valueOf)

.collect(Collectors.toMap(

Function.identity(),

v -> reduceTwos(factorization(v, sieve))

));

}

Given our maximum value, this method goes through the motions necessary to get the factorizations as neat as we wanted them.

At this point we will add a NEWLINE that we’ll use for formatting stuff:

private static final String NEWLINE = String.format("%n");

It just adds a new line in a platform dependent way. Who knows, you might be on a hand calculator.

Ok, for the next part we need a structure that will allow us to expand a bit on the information that we can extract from the prime factorization.

Do not close the scope of the previous class. This one is internal. Not on purpose, just laziness.

static class SolutionInfo {

public long number;

public List<Long> factorization;

public long extraAddition;

public long operationCount;

public SolutionInfo(

final long numberValue,

final List<Long> factorizationValue,

final long extrAdditionValue,

final long operationCount

) {

this.number = numberValue;

this.factorization = factorizationValue;

this.extraAddition = extrAdditionValue;

this.operationCount = operationCount;

}

/**

* -1 - if this is a worse solution.

* 0 - if this is no worse than other.

* 1 - if this is a better solution.

*/

public int compareAgainstOtherWithBaseline(final SolutionInfo baseLine,

final SolutionInfo other) {

final long valueForThis = baseLine.number - number + operationCount;

final long valueForOther =

baseLine.number - other.number + other.operationCount;

if (valueForThis >= valueForOther) {

return valueForThis == valueForOther ? 0 : -1;

} else {

return 1;

}

}

@Override

public String toString() {

return String.format("{number: %d, factorization:[%s], " +

"extraAddition: %d, operations: %d}",

number,

factorization.stream().map(String::valueOf)

.collect(Collectors.joining(",")),

extraAddition,

operationCount);

}

}

public static Map<Long, SolutionInfo> localSolutions(long max) {

return locallyReducedFactorizations(max)

.entrySet()

.stream()

.map(e -> new SolutionInfo(

e.getKey(),

e.getValue(),

0L,

e.getValue().stream().mapToLong(Long::longValue).sum()))

.collect(Collectors.toMap(v -> v.number, Function.identity()));

}

We have a class that can hold one of our numbers, its factorization (with the 2s reduction), an extra addition field that we can use to see how many extra values we need to print to get to another number, and the operation count mathing the factorization and the extra addition.

The compareAgainstOtherWithBaseline will compare this solution versus another solution to see which one optimizes the baseLine solution the best. If this uses fewer operations then 1 is returned, if they’re even then 0 is returned, and if this uses more operations, then -1 is returned.

We will use this next method to get us all the local solutions up to our maximum number:

public static Map<Long, SolutionInfo> localSolutions(long max) {

return locallyReducedFactorizations(max)

.entrySet()

.stream()

.map(e -> new SolutionInfo(

e.getKey(),

e.getValue(),

0L,

e.getValue().stream().mapToLong(Long::longValue).sum()))

.collect(Collectors.toMap(v -> v.number, Function.identity()));

}

The following method will optimize a value from our set taking the local solutions into consideration:

static SolutionInfo optimizeValue(

final long value,

final Map<Long, SolutionInfo> locallyOptimized) {

final SolutionInfo valueSolutionInfo = locallyOptimized.get(value);

return locallyOptimized.entrySet().stream()

.map(e -> e.getValue())

.filter(si -> si.number < value)

.max((si1, si2) -> si1.compareAgainstOtherWithBaseline(

valueSolutionInfo, si2))

.filter(si -> si.compareAgainstOtherWithBaseline(

valueSolutionInfo, valueSolutionInfo) > 0)

.map(si -> new SolutionInfo(

valueSolutionInfo.number,

si.factorization,

value - si.number,

si.operationCount + value - si.number))

.orElse(valueSolutionInfo);

}

And this one ties everything together, returning the best optimizations it can find, for every number between 1 and our maximum number:

public static Map<Long, SolutionInfo> optimizedSolutions(long max) {

final Map<Long, SolutionInfo> localSolutions = localSolutions(max);

return localSolutions.entrySet().stream()

.map(e -> optimizeValue(e.getKey(), localSolutions))

.collect(Collectors.toMap(si -> si.number, Function.identity()));

}

The following two methods generate the solution code for a given SolutionInfo (from our set), with a specific starting value. Remember, we are 0 based, so printing 1 to 100 will print 0 to 99, by default. The startingValue is added to any output, and it can be whatever we want. So we can actually print consecutive numbers starting from a value higher than one.

private static String getCall(

final int methodIndex,

final long factor,

final long multiplier,

final String nextMethodName) {

StringBuilder stringBuilder = new StringBuilder();

stringBuilder

.append(String.format("private static void print%d(long seed) {", methodIndex))

.append(NEWLINE);

for (long domainValue = 0; domainValue < factor; domainValue++) {

stringBuilder

.append(

String.format("%s(seed + %d);",

nextMethodName, domainValue * multiplier))

.append(NEWLINE);

}

return stringBuilder.append("}").append(NEWLINE).toString();

}

public static String generateSolution(

final SolutionInfo solutionInfo,

final long startingValue) {

StringBuilder stringBuilder = new StringBuilder()

.append("class Solution").append(solutionInfo.number)

.append(" {").append(NEWLINE);

stringBuilder.append(

String.format("private static void printOut(long value) " +

"{System.out.println(value + %d);}", startingValue))

.append(NEWLINE);

final int factorizationSize = solutionInfo.factorization.size();

LinkedList<Long> multipliersList = new LinkedList<>(

IntStream.range(0, factorizationSize)

.mapToObj(index ->

solutionInfo.factorization.subList(index, factorizationSize)

.stream().reduce(1L, (a, b) -> a * b))

.collect(Collectors.toList()));

multipliersList.add(1L);

final long maxNumber = multipliersList.pollFirst();

int methodIndex = 0;

Iterator<Long> multiplierIterator = multipliersList.iterator();

Iterator<Long> factorsIterator = solutionInfo.factorization.iterator();

while (true) {

long multiplier = multiplierIterator.next();

long factor = factorsIterator.next();

if (multiplierIterator.hasNext()) {

final String nextMethodName =

String.format("print%d", methodIndex + 1);

stringBuilder.append(

getCall(methodIndex, factor, multiplier, nextMethodName));

} else {

final String nextMethodName = "printOut";

stringBuilder.append(

getCall(methodIndex, factor, multiplier, nextMethodName));

break;

}

methodIndex++;

}

stringBuilder

.append("public static void main(String[] argv) {")

.append(NEWLINE)

.append("print0(0);")

.append(NEWLINE);

for(long remaining = maxNumber;

remaining < solutionInfo.number;

remaining++) {

stringBuilder.append(String.format("printOut(%d);", remaining))

.append(NEWLINE);

}

stringBuilder.append("}").append(NEWLINE);

return stringBuilder.append("}").append(NEWLINE).toString();

}

You probably saw, by now, that that NEWLINE constant is used a lot in our code builder.

The code generator will call print0 with a seed of 0. Then it will print the remaining operations which are not part of the factorization (e.g. printing 101 separately from the factorization of 100).

print0 is the first factorization interval. The seed value is available in every print method, and represents the cardinality multiplication of the previous value to be added to our partial computation of the inverse function.

If we hit the last interval, then the calls of the last print method are made to the printOut method to do the actual printing. That’s where we also add the offset.

And now we can finally add:

}

Ok, let’s now consider adding a main method to generate code (you should probably do this before the closing curly brace above).

public static void main(String[] argv) {

final long max = 101L;

final long startingValue = 1L;

optimizedSolutions(max).entrySet().stream()

.map(Map.Entry::getValue)

.map(si -> generateSolution(si, startingValue))

.forEach(System.out::println);

This will generate solutions (a class for each) for all the numbers between 1 and 101. All the solutions will start printing from the startingValue (which is 1).

Let’s see how the code looks for our 100, and 101 cases from the beginning:

class Solution100 {

private static void printOut(long value) {System.out.println(value + 5);}

private static void print0(long seed) {

print1(seed + 0);

print1(seed + 25);

print1(seed + 50);

print1(seed + 75);

}

private static void print1(long seed) {

print2(seed + 0);

print2(seed + 5);

print2(seed + 10);

print2(seed + 15);

print2(seed + 20);

}

private static void print2(long seed) {

printOut(seed + 0);

printOut(seed + 1);

printOut(seed + 2);

printOut(seed + 3);

printOut(seed + 4);

}

public static void main(String[] argv) {

print0(0);

}

}

14? 14!

class Solution101 {

private static void printOut(long value) {System.out.println(value + 5);}

private static void print0(long seed) {

print1(seed + 0);

print1(seed + 25);

print1(seed + 50);

print1(seed + 75);

}

private static void print1(long seed) {

print2(seed + 0);

print2(seed + 5);

print2(seed + 10);

print2(seed + 15);

print2(seed + 20);

}

private static void print2(long seed) {

printOut(seed + 0);

printOut(seed + 1);

printOut(seed + 2);

printOut(seed + 3);

printOut(seed + 4);

}

public static void main(String[] argv) {

print0(0);

printOut(100);

}

}

15? 15! I hope you don’t act surprised, you already knew that. Or did you?

Apparently, not everything needs to work this way. Some factorizations are better than others, and if the numbers are close enough you should choose the one that has a smaller representation, not the one that has an exact factorization.

Here’s an example:

36 = 2 x 2 x 3 x 3 = 4 x 3 x 3 (10 operations)

38 = 2 x 19 (21 operations) or 36 and 2 (12 operations).

Clearly, we would prefer to write 12 operations instead of 21.

To make it clearer, you can find the locally optimized vs. the optimized result operations count for the same numbers below.

I hope you enjoyed this. If you got here and you realized it was a waste of time keep in mind that I did not force you to read it.

{number: 1, factorization:[1], extraAddition: 0, operations: 1}

{number: 2, factorization:[2], extraAddition: 0, operations: 2}

{number: 3, factorization:[3], extraAddition: 0, operations: 3}

{number: 4, factorization:[4], extraAddition: 0, operations: 4}

{number: 5, factorization:[5], extraAddition: 0, operations: 5}

{number: 6, factorization:[2,3], extraAddition: 0, operations: 5}

{number: 7, factorization:[7], extraAddition: 0, operations: 7}

{number: 8, factorization:[2,4], extraAddition: 0, operations: 6}

{number: 9, factorization:[3,3], extraAddition: 0, operations: 6}

{number: 10, factorization:[2,5], extraAddition: 0, operations: 7}

{number: 11, factorization:[11], extraAddition: 0, operations: 11}

{number: 12, factorization:[3,4], extraAddition: 0, operations: 7}

{number: 13, factorization:[13], extraAddition: 0, operations: 13}

{number: 14, factorization:[2,7], extraAddition: 0, operations: 9}

{number: 15, factorization:[3,5], extraAddition: 0, operations: 8}

{number: 16, factorization:[4,4], extraAddition: 0, operations: 8}

{number: 17, factorization:[17], extraAddition: 0, operations: 17}

{number: 18, factorization:[2,3,3], extraAddition: 0, operations: 8}

{number: 19, factorization:[19], extraAddition: 0, operations: 19}

{number: 20, factorization:[4,5], extraAddition: 0, operations: 9}

{number: 21, factorization:[3,7], extraAddition: 0, operations: 10}

{number: 22, factorization:[2,11], extraAddition: 0, operations: 13}

{number: 23, factorization:[23], extraAddition: 0, operations: 23}

{number: 24, factorization:[2,3,4], extraAddition: 0, operations: 9}

{number: 25, factorization:[5,5], extraAddition: 0, operations: 10}

{number: 26, factorization:[2,13], extraAddition: 0, operations: 15}

{number: 27, factorization:[3,3,3], extraAddition: 0, operations: 9}

{number: 28, factorization:[4,7], extraAddition: 0, operations: 11}

{number: 29, factorization:[29], extraAddition: 0, operations: 29}

{number: 30, factorization:[2,3,5], extraAddition: 0, operations: 10}

{number: 31, factorization:[31], extraAddition: 0, operations: 31}

{number: 32, factorization:[2,4,4], extraAddition: 0, operations: 10}

{number: 33, factorization:[3,11], extraAddition: 0, operations: 14}

{number: 34, factorization:[2,17], extraAddition: 0, operations: 19}

{number: 35, factorization:[5,7], extraAddition: 0, operations: 12}

{number: 36, factorization:[3,3,4], extraAddition: 0, operations: 10}

{number: 37, factorization:[37], extraAddition: 0, operations: 37}

{number: 38, factorization:[2,19], extraAddition: 0, operations: 21}

{number: 39, factorization:[3,13], extraAddition: 0, operations: 16}

{number: 40, factorization:[2,4,5], extraAddition: 0, operations: 11}

{number: 41, factorization:[41], extraAddition: 0, operations: 41}

{number: 42, factorization:[2,3,7], extraAddition: 0, operations: 12}

{number: 43, factorization:[43], extraAddition: 0, operations: 43}

{number: 44, factorization:[4,11], extraAddition: 0, operations: 15}

{number: 45, factorization:[3,3,5], extraAddition: 0, operations: 11}

{number: 46, factorization:[2,23], extraAddition: 0, operations: 25}

{number: 47, factorization:[47], extraAddition: 0, operations: 47}

{number: 48, factorization:[3,4,4], extraAddition: 0, operations: 11}

{number: 49, factorization:[7,7], extraAddition: 0, operations: 14}

{number: 50, factorization:[2,5,5], extraAddition: 0, operations: 12}

{number: 51, factorization:[3,17], extraAddition: 0, operations: 20}

{number: 52, factorization:[4,13], extraAddition: 0, operations: 17}

{number: 53, factorization:[53], extraAddition: 0, operations: 53}

{number: 54, factorization:[2,3,3,3], extraAddition: 0, operations: 11}

{number: 55, factorization:[5,11], extraAddition: 0, operations: 16}

{number: 56, factorization:[2,4,7], extraAddition: 0, operations: 13}

{number: 57, factorization:[3,19], extraAddition: 0, operations: 22}

{number: 58, factorization:[2,29], extraAddition: 0, operations: 31}

{number: 59, factorization:[59], extraAddition: 0, operations: 59}

{number: 60, factorization:[3,4,5], extraAddition: 0, operations: 12}

{number: 61, factorization:[61], extraAddition: 0, operations: 61}

{number: 62, factorization:[2,31], extraAddition: 0, operations: 33}

{number: 63, factorization:[3,3,7], extraAddition: 0, operations: 13}

{number: 64, factorization:[4,4,4], extraAddition: 0, operations: 12}

{number: 65, factorization:[5,13], extraAddition: 0, operations: 18}

{number: 66, factorization:[2,3,11], extraAddition: 0, operations: 16}

{number: 67, factorization:[67], extraAddition: 0, operations: 67}

{number: 68, factorization:[4,17], extraAddition: 0, operations: 21}

{number: 69, factorization:[3,23], extraAddition: 0, operations: 26}

{number: 70, factorization:[2,5,7], extraAddition: 0, operations: 14}

{number: 71, factorization:[71], extraAddition: 0, operations: 71}

{number: 72, factorization:[2,3,3,4], extraAddition: 0, operations: 12}

{number: 73, factorization:[73], extraAddition: 0, operations: 73}

{number: 74, factorization:[2,37], extraAddition: 0, operations: 39}

{number: 75, factorization:[3,5,5], extraAddition: 0, operations: 13}

{number: 76, factorization:[4,19], extraAddition: 0, operations: 23}

{number: 77, factorization:[7,11], extraAddition: 0, operations: 18}

{number: 78, factorization:[2,3,13], extraAddition: 0, operations: 18}

{number: 79, factorization:[79], extraAddition: 0, operations: 79}

{number: 80, factorization:[4,4,5], extraAddition: 0, operations: 13}

{number: 81, factorization:[3,3,3,3], extraAddition: 0, operations: 12}

{number: 82, factorization:[2,41], extraAddition: 0, operations: 43}

{number: 83, factorization:[83], extraAddition: 0, operations: 83}

{number: 84, factorization:[3,4,7], extraAddition: 0, operations: 14}

{number: 85, factorization:[5,17], extraAddition: 0, operations: 22}

{number: 86, factorization:[2,43], extraAddition: 0, operations: 45}

{number: 87, factorization:[3,29], extraAddition: 0, operations: 32}

{number: 88, factorization:[2,4,11], extraAddition: 0, operations: 17}

{number: 89, factorization:[89], extraAddition: 0, operations: 89}

{number: 90, factorization:[2,3,3,5], extraAddition: 0, operations: 13}

{number: 91, factorization:[7,13], extraAddition: 0, operations: 20}

{number: 92, factorization:[4,23], extraAddition: 0, operations: 27}

{number: 93, factorization:[3,31], extraAddition: 0, operations: 34}

{number: 94, factorization:[2,47], extraAddition: 0, operations: 49}

{number: 95, factorization:[5,19], extraAddition: 0, operations: 24}

{number: 96, factorization:[2,3,4,4], extraAddition: 0, operations: 13}

{number: 97, factorization:[97], extraAddition: 0, operations: 97}

{number: 98, factorization:[2,7,7], extraAddition: 0, operations: 16}

{number: 99, factorization:[3,3,11], extraAddition: 0, operations: 17}

{number: 100, factorization:[4,5,5], extraAddition: 0, operations: 14}

{number: 101, factorization:[101], extraAddition: 0, operations: 101}

{number: 1, factorization:[1], extraAddition: 0, operations: 1}

{number: 2, factorization:[2], extraAddition: 0, operations: 2}

{number: 3, factorization:[3], extraAddition: 0, operations: 3}

{number: 4, factorization:[4], extraAddition: 0, operations: 4}

{number: 5, factorization:[5], extraAddition: 0, operations: 5}

{number: 6, factorization:[2,3], extraAddition: 0, operations: 5}

{number: 7, factorization:[2,3], extraAddition: 1, operations: 6}

{number: 8, factorization:[2,4], extraAddition: 0, operations: 6}

{number: 9, factorization:[3,3], extraAddition: 0, operations: 6}

{number: 10, factorization:[2,5], extraAddition: 0, operations: 7}

{number: 11, factorization:[3,3], extraAddition: 2, operations: 8}

{number: 12, factorization:[3,4], extraAddition: 0, operations: 7}

{number: 13, factorization:[3,4], extraAddition: 1, operations: 8}

{number: 14, factorization:[2,7], extraAddition: 0, operations: 9}

{number: 15, factorization:[3,5], extraAddition: 0, operations: 8}

{number: 16, factorization:[4,4], extraAddition: 0, operations: 8}

{number: 17, factorization:[4,4], extraAddition: 1, operations: 9}

{number: 18, factorization:[2,3,3], extraAddition: 0, operations: 8}

{number: 19, factorization:[2,3,3], extraAddition: 1, operations: 9}

{number: 20, factorization:[4,5], extraAddition: 0, operations: 9}

{number: 21, factorization:[3,7], extraAddition: 0, operations: 10}

{number: 22, factorization:[4,5], extraAddition: 2, operations: 11}

{number: 23, factorization:[4,5], extraAddition: 3, operations: 12}

{number: 24, factorization:[2,3,4], extraAddition: 0, operations: 9}

{number: 25, factorization:[5,5], extraAddition: 0, operations: 10}

{number: 26, factorization:[2,3,4], extraAddition: 2, operations: 11}

{number: 27, factorization:[3,3,3], extraAddition: 0, operations: 9}

{number: 28, factorization:[3,3,3], extraAddition: 1, operations: 10}

{number: 29, factorization:[3,3,3], extraAddition: 2, operations: 11}

{number: 30, factorization:[2,3,5], extraAddition: 0, operations: 10}

{number: 31, factorization:[2,3,5], extraAddition: 1, operations: 11}

{number: 32, factorization:[2,4,4], extraAddition: 0, operations: 10}

{number: 33, factorization:[2,4,4], extraAddition: 1, operations: 11}

{number: 34, factorization:[2,4,4], extraAddition: 2, operations: 12}

{number: 35, factorization:[5,7], extraAddition: 0, operations: 12}

{number: 36, factorization:[3,3,4], extraAddition: 0, operations: 10}

{number: 37, factorization:[3,3,4], extraAddition: 1, operations: 11}

{number: 38, factorization:[3,3,4], extraAddition: 2, operations: 12}

{number: 39, factorization:[3,3,4], extraAddition: 3, operations: 13}

{number: 40, factorization:[2,4,5], extraAddition: 0, operations: 11}

{number: 41, factorization:[2,4,5], extraAddition: 1, operations: 12}

{number: 42, factorization:[2,3,7], extraAddition: 0, operations: 12}

{number: 43, factorization:[2,3,7], extraAddition: 1, operations: 13}

{number: 44, factorization:[2,3,7], extraAddition: 2, operations: 14}

{number: 45, factorization:[3,3,5], extraAddition: 0, operations: 11}

{number: 46, factorization:[3,3,5], extraAddition: 1, operations: 12}

{number: 47, factorization:[3,3,5], extraAddition: 2, operations: 13}

{number: 48, factorization:[3,4,4], extraAddition: 0, operations: 11}

{number: 49, factorization:[3,4,4], extraAddition: 1, operations: 12}

{number: 50, factorization:[2,5,5], extraAddition: 0, operations: 12}

{number: 51, factorization:[2,5,5], extraAddition: 1, operations: 13}

{number: 52, factorization:[2,5,5], extraAddition: 2, operations: 14}

{number: 53, factorization:[2,5,5], extraAddition: 3, operations: 15}

{number: 54, factorization:[2,3,3,3], extraAddition: 0, operations: 11}

{number: 55, factorization:[2,3,3,3], extraAddition: 1, operations: 12}

{number: 56, factorization:[2,4,7], extraAddition: 0, operations: 13}

{number: 57, factorization:[2,3,3,3], extraAddition: 3, operations: 14}

{number: 58, factorization:[2,3,3,3], extraAddition: 4, operations: 15}

{number: 59, factorization:[2,3,3,3], extraAddition: 5, operations: 16}

{number: 60, factorization:[3,4,5], extraAddition: 0, operations: 12}

{number: 61, factorization:[3,4,5], extraAddition: 1, operations: 13}

{number: 62, factorization:[3,4,5], extraAddition: 2, operations: 14}

{number: 63, factorization:[3,3,7], extraAddition: 0, operations: 13}

{number: 64, factorization:[4,4,4], extraAddition: 0, operations: 12}

{number: 65, factorization:[4,4,4], extraAddition: 1, operations: 13}

{number: 66, factorization:[4,4,4], extraAddition: 2, operations: 14}

{number: 67, factorization:[4,4,4], extraAddition: 3, operations: 15}

{number: 68, factorization:[4,4,4], extraAddition: 4, operations: 16}

{number: 69, factorization:[4,4,4], extraAddition: 5, operations: 17}

{number: 70, factorization:[2,5,7], extraAddition: 0, operations: 14}

{number: 71, factorization:[2,5,7], extraAddition: 1, operations: 15}

{number: 72, factorization:[2,3,3,4], extraAddition: 0, operations: 12}

{number: 73, factorization:[2,3,3,4], extraAddition: 1, operations: 13}

{number: 74, factorization:[2,3,3,4], extraAddition: 2, operations: 14}

{number: 75, factorization:[3,5,5], extraAddition: 0, operations: 13}

{number: 76, factorization:[3,5,5], extraAddition: 1, operations: 14}

{number: 77, factorization:[3,5,5], extraAddition: 2, operations: 15}

{number: 78, factorization:[3,5,5], extraAddition: 3, operations: 16}

{number: 79, factorization:[3,5,5], extraAddition: 4, operations: 17}

{number: 80, factorization:[4,4,5], extraAddition: 0, operations: 13}

{number: 81, factorization:[3,3,3,3], extraAddition: 0, operations: 12}

{number: 82, factorization:[3,3,3,3], extraAddition: 1, operations: 13}

{number: 83, factorization:[3,3,3,3], extraAddition: 2, operations: 14}

{number: 84, factorization:[3,4,7], extraAddition: 0, operations: 14}

{number: 85, factorization:[3,4,7], extraAddition: 1, operations: 15}

{number: 86, factorization:[3,4,7], extraAddition: 2, operations: 16}

{number: 87, factorization:[3,4,7], extraAddition: 3, operations: 17}

{number: 88, factorization:[2,4,11], extraAddition: 0, operations: 17}

{number: 89, factorization:[2,4,11], extraAddition: 1, operations: 18}

{number: 90, factorization:[2,3,3,5], extraAddition: 0, operations: 13}

{number: 91, factorization:[2,3,3,5], extraAddition: 1, operations: 14}

{number: 92, factorization:[2,3,3,5], extraAddition: 2, operations: 15}

{number: 93, factorization:[2,3,3,5], extraAddition: 3, operations: 16}

{number: 94, factorization:[2,3,3,5], extraAddition: 4, operations: 17}

{number: 95, factorization:[2,3,3,5], extraAddition: 5, operations: 18}

{number: 96, factorization:[2,3,4,4], extraAddition: 0, operations: 13}

{number: 97, factorization:[2,3,4,4], extraAddition: 1, operations: 14}

{number: 98, factorization:[2,3,4,4], extraAddition: 2, operations: 15}

{number: 99, factorization:[2,3,4,4], extraAddition: 3, operations: 16}

{number: 100, factorization:[4,5,5], extraAddition: 0, operations: 14}

{number: 101, factorization:[4,5,5], extraAddition: 1, operations: 15}

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